|Misinformation||incorrect or misleading information-Merriam-Webster Dictionary|
|Disinformation||false information deliberately and often covertly spread (as by the planting of rumors) in order to influence public opinion or obscure the truth - Merriam-Webster Dictionary|
|Fake News||"Fake news" is "fabricated information that mimics news media content in form but not in organizational process or intent. Fake-news outlets, in turn, lack the news media's editorial norms and processes for ensuring the accuracy and credibility of information. [David M. J. Lazer, et al., "The Science of Fake News," Science 09 Mar 2018: Vol. 359, Issue 6380, pp. 1094-1096.]. - Cornell University|
|Bias||a tendency to believe that some people, ideas, etc., are better than others that usually results in treating some people unfairly.-Merriam Webster Dictionary|
|the tendency to process information by looking for, or interpreting, information that is consistent with one’s existing beliefs. This biased approach to decision making is largely unintentional and often results in ignoring inconsistent information.-Britannica.com|
|Web search engine algorithms||How Search Algorithms Work|
Be like a professional fact checker and employ lateral reading!
Lateral reading helps you verify what you're reading as you read it.
Lateral reading helps you determine an author’s credibility, intent and biases by searching for articles on the same topic by other writers (to see how they are covering it)and for other articles by the author you’re checking on.
Check out more: News Literacy Project Lateral Reading
Classroom Video on Demand has a great series of videos on Information Literacy, Digital Literacy, fact checking and more. Check it out here!